7 Fascinating Wildlife Sanctuaries in India: Preserving Biodiversity

Welcome to the fascinating world of Indian wildlife sanctuaries! These diverse and biodiverse havens are not only a source of natural beauty but also play a crucial role in conserving various endangered species. From the ancient Jim Corbett National Park, home to magnificent Bengal tigers, to the enchanting Sunderbans National Park with its unique mangrove forests and Bengal tigers, each sanctuary has its own unique charm. Get ready to embark on a thrilling journey as we explore seven such mesmerizing wildlife sanctuaries in India, where nature’s wonders unfold, and the call of the wild beckons you to discover its secrets.

Jim Corbett National Park

Situated in the picturesque landscapes of Uttarakhand, Jim Corbett National Park holds the distinction of being India’s oldest national park, established in 1936. Covering an extensive area of over 520 square kilometers, this park is renowned for its impressive Bengal tiger population and the mesmerizing Ramganga River vistas. Named after the legendary conservationist Jim Corbett, the park boasts an astonishing diversity of more than 600 tree and plant species, making it an ideal destination for nature enthusiasts and wildlife photographers alike.

Interesting Fact: Jim Corbett National Park is also a habitat for the endangered Indian pangolin, one of the most trafficked mammals globally. 

Kaziranga National Park

Nestled in the northeastern state of Assam, Kaziranga National Park is a UNESCO World Heritage Site and a global treasure for wildlife conservation. It’s famously known for housing two-thirds of the world’s one-horned rhinoceros population, with around 2,400 rhinos thriving in its lush environs. Encompassing an area of over 430 square kilometers, the park showcases diverse terrains, including grasslands, wetlands, and woodlands, providing a sanctuary for numerous wildlife species, including wild water buffalo, elephants, and Bengal tigers.

Kaziranga_National_Park wildlife
Kaziranga National Park
Dhrubazaanphotography, CC BY-SA 4.0, via Wikimedia Commons
Interesting Fact: Kaziranga National Park is home to the rare and elusive swamp deer, also known as the barasingha, with a population of around 1,500. 

Ranthambore National Park

Located in the majestic state of Rajasthan, Ranthambore National Park is an ancient gem amidst India’s wildlife treasures. Spanning about 392 square kilometers, the park is renowned for its thrilling tiger sightings, offering visitors a unique opportunity to witness these majestic big cats roaming freely in their natural habitat. The park’s historical charm is enhanced by the presence of the Ranthambore Fort, adding a touch of mystique to wildlife exploration. Besides tigers, Ranthambore is also home to leopards, striped hyenas, and a diverse range of bird species.

Interesting Fact: The Ranthambore tiger reserve is divided into ten different zones, each providing distinct topographical and wildlife experiences for visitors. 

Periyar National Park

Nestled in the enchanting Western Ghats of Kerala, Periyar National Park spans a vast area of approximately 925 square kilometers. One of the park’s major attractions is the serene Periyar Lake, where boat safaris allow visitors to get close to the wildlife, particularly elephants that frequent the lake to quench their thirst. The park’s rich biodiversity includes endangered species like the Nilgiri langur and the lion-tailed macaque, along with over 170 species of grass and 140 species of orchids, making it a paradise for nature enthusiasts and botanists.

Interesting Fact: The Periyar Tiger Reserve is home to over 30 tigers, as per the latest tiger census.

Sunderbans National Park

Situated in the delta region of West Bengal, Sunderbans National Park is a unique and vast mangrove forest covering approximately 1,330 square kilometers, forming the world’s largest delta. This extraordinary ecosystem serves as a crucial tiger conservation area, providing a habitat for the critically endangered Bengal tiger, which has impressively adapted to life in the mangroves. Additionally, the park is home to the saltwater crocodile, the largest reptile globally, and various other fascinating wildlife species, making it a UNESCO Biosphere Reserve and a hauntingly beautiful landscape.

Interesting Fact: The Sundari tree, found in the Sunderbans, is the only mangrove species that the Bengal tiger is known to swim for and climb.

Bandipur National Park

Nestled within the Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve in Karnataka, Bandipur National Park spans a significant area of around 874 square kilometers and offers a rich diversity of flora and fauna. The park’s varied landscapes, comprising deciduous forests, grasslands, and riverine areas, attract a wide range of wildlife, including Indian elephants, Indian leopards, and dhole (wild dogs). With over 200 bird species, including the Malabar pied hornbill and the Indian vulture, Bandipur is a haven for birdwatchers and wildlife enthusiasts alike.

 Interesting Fact: Bandipur National Park is a part of the larger Nilgiri Biosphere Reserve, which is also a UNESCO World Network of Biosphere Reserves

Gir Forest National Park

Located in the vibrant state of Gujarat, Gir Forest National Park is a testament to successful conservation efforts. Encompassing an area of approximately 1,412 square kilometers, it stands as the only place in the world where the majestic Asiatic lions roam freely in the wild. The park’s dense deciduous forests offer an ideal habitat for these critically endangered big cats, along with other fascinating wildlife, such as Indian leopards, sloth bears, and marsh crocodiles, making it a captivating destination for wildlife enthusiasts.

Interesting Fact: The Asiatic lion population in Gir has witnessed a significant increase, from around 20 individuals in the early 1900s to over 520 lions in the latest census.


As we conclude our journey through these seven fascinating wildlife sanctuaries in India, we are left in awe of the incredible biodiversity and natural wonders they harbor. These sanctuaries stand as a testament to the country’s commitment to preserving its rich wildlife heritage. From the roar of tigers to the graceful flight of birds, each sanctuary has its unique story to tell. Let us cherish and protect these precious ecosystems, ensuring that future generations can also experience the thrill of witnessing these magnificent creatures in their natural habitats. Together, let’s play our part in safeguarding these sanctuaries for a greener and more sustainable future.


Kaziranga National Park
Jim Corbett National Park
Ranthambore National Park
Periyar National Park
Sundarban National Park
Bandipur National Park
Gir National Park

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